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XMLOutputter.java

/*--

 $Id: XMLOutputter.java,v 1.1.1.1 2005/12/02 14:16:53 fbusquets Exp $

 Copyright (C) 2000-2004 Jason Hunter & Brett McLaughlin.
 All rights reserved.

 Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 are met:

 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
    notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.

 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
    notice, this list of conditions, and the disclaimer that follows
    these conditions in the documentation and/or other materials
    provided with the distribution.

 3. The name "JDOM" must not be used to endorse or promote products
    derived from this software without prior written permission.  For
    written permission, please contact <request_AT_jdom_DOT_org>.

 4. Products derived from this software may not be called "JDOM", nor
    may "JDOM" appear in their name, without prior written permission
    from the JDOM Project Management <request_AT_jdom_DOT_org>.

 In addition, we request (but do not require) that you include in the
 end-user documentation provided with the redistribution and/or in the
 software itself an acknowledgement equivalent to the following:
     "This product includes software developed by the
      JDOM Project (http://www.jdom.org/)."
 Alternatively, the acknowledgment may be graphical using the logos
 available at http://www.jdom.org/images/logos.

 THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED
 WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE JDOM AUTHORS OR THE PROJECT
 CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF
 USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
 ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
 OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
 OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 SUCH DAMAGE.

 This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
 individuals on behalf of the JDOM Project and was originally
 created by Jason Hunter <jhunter_AT_jdom_DOT_org> and
 Brett McLaughlin <brett_AT_jdom_DOT_org>.  For more information
 on the JDOM Project, please see <http://www.jdom.org/>.

 */

package org.jdom.output;

import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;

import javax.xml.transform.Result;

import org.jdom.*;

/**
 * Outputs a JDOM document as a stream of bytes. The outputter can manage many
 * styles of document formatting, from untouched to pretty printed. The default
 * is to output the document content exactly as created, but this can be changed
 * by setting a new Format object. For pretty-print output, use
 * <code>{@link Format#getPrettyFormat()}</code>. For whitespace-normalized
 * output, use <code>{@link Format#getCompactFormat()}</code>.
 * <p>
 * There are <code>{@link #output output(...)}</code> methods to print any of
 * the standard JDOM classes, including Document and Element, to either a Writer
 * or an OutputStream. <b>Warning</b>: When outputting to a Writer, make sure
 * the writer's encoding matches the encoding setting in the Format object. This
 * ensures the encoding in which the content is written (controlled by the
 * Writer configuration) matches the encoding placed in the document's XML
 * declaration (controlled by the XMLOutputter). Because a Writer cannot be
 * queried for its encoding, the information must be passed to the Format
 * manually in its constructor or via the
 * <code>{@link Format#setEncoding}</code> method. The default encoding is
 * UTF-8.
 * <p>
 * The methods <code>{@link #outputString outputString(...)}</code> are for
 * convenience only; for top performance you should call one of the <code>{@link
 * #output output(...)}</code> methods and pass in your own Writer or
 * OutputStream if possible.
 * <p>
 * XML declarations are always printed on their own line followed by a line
 * seperator (this doesn't change the semantics of the document). To omit
 * printing of the declaration use
 * <code>{@link Format#setOmitDeclaration}</code>. To omit printing of the
 * encoding in the declaration use <code>{@link Format#setOmitEncoding}</code>.
 * Unfortunatly there is currently no way to know the original encoding of the
 * document.
 * <p>
 * Empty elements are by default printed as &lt;empty/&gt;, but this can be
 * configured with <code>{@link Format#setExpandEmptyElements}</code> to cause
 * them to be expanded to &lt;empty&gt;&lt;/empty&gt;.
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.1.1.1 $, $Date: 2005/12/02 14:16:53 $
 * @author  Brett McLaughlin
 * @author  Jason Hunter
 * @author  Jason Reid
 * @author  Wolfgang Werner
 * @author  Elliotte Rusty Harold
 * @author  David &amp; Will (from Post Tool Design)
 * @author  Dan Schaffer
 * @author  Alex Chaffee
 * @author  Bradley S. Huffman
 */

00115 public class XMLOutputter implements Cloneable {

    private static final String CVS_ID =
      "@(#) $RCSfile: XMLOutputter.java,v $ $Revision: 1.1.1.1 $ $Date: 2005/12/02 14:16:53 $ $Name:  $";

    // For normal output
    private Format userFormat = Format.getRawFormat();

    // For xml:space="preserve"
    protected static final Format preserveFormat = Format.getRawFormat();

    // What's currently in use
    protected Format currentFormat = userFormat;

    /** Whether output escaping is enabled for the being processed
      * Element - default is <code>true</code> */
00131     private boolean escapeOutput = true;

    // * * * * * * * * * * Constructors * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Constructors * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * This will create an <code>XMLOutputter</code> with the default
     * {@link Format} matching {@link Format#getRawFormat}.
     */
00140     public XMLOutputter() {
    }

    /**
     * This will create an <code>XMLOutputter</code> with the specified
     * format characteristics.  Note the format object is cloned internally
     * before use.
     */
00148     public XMLOutputter(Format format) {
        userFormat = (Format) format.clone();
        currentFormat = userFormat;
    }

    /**
     * This will create an <code>XMLOutputter</code> with all the
     * options as set in the given <code>XMLOutputter</code>.  Note
     * that <code>XMLOutputter two = (XMLOutputter)one.clone();</code>
     * would work equally well.
     *
     * @param that the XMLOutputter to clone
     */
00161     public XMLOutputter(XMLOutputter that) {
        this.userFormat = (Format) that.userFormat.clone();
        currentFormat = userFormat;
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Set parameters methods * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Set parameters methods * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * Sets the new format logic for the outputter.  Note the Format
     * object is cloned internally before use.
     *
     * @param newFormat the format to use for output
     */
00175     public void setFormat(Format newFormat) {
        this.userFormat = (Format) newFormat.clone();
        this.currentFormat = userFormat;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the current format in use by the outputter.  Note the 
     * Format object returned is a clone of the one used internally.
     */
00184     public Format getFormat() {
        return (Format) userFormat.clone();
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Output to a OutputStream * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Output to a OutputStream * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * This will print the <code>Document</code> to the given output stream.
     * The characters are printed using the encoding specified in the
     * constructor, or a default of UTF-8.
     *
     * @param doc <code>Document</code> to format.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     * @throws IOException - if there's any problem writing.
     */
00200     public void output(Document doc, OutputStream out)
                    throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(doc, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out the <code>{@link DocType}</code>.
     *
     * @param doctype <code>DocType</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00212     public void output(DocType doctype, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(doctype, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out an <code>{@link Element}</code>, including
     * its <code>{@link Attribute}</code>s, and all
     * contained (child) elements, etc.
     *
     * @param element <code>Element</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00225     public void output(Element element, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(element, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing out an <code>{@link
     * Element}</code>'s content only, not including its tag, and
     * attributes.  This can be useful for printing the content of an
     * element that contains HTML, like "&lt;description&gt;JDOM is
     * &lt;b&gt;fun&gt;!&lt;/description&gt;".
     *
     * @param element <code>Element</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00240     public void outputElementContent(Element element, OutputStream out)
                    throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        outputElementContent(element, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing out a list of nodes.
     * This can be useful for printing the content of an element that
     * contains HTML, like "&lt;description&gt;JDOM is
     * &lt;b&gt;fun&gt;!&lt;/description&gt;".
     *
     * @param list <code>List</code> of nodes.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00255     public void output(List list, OutputStream out)
                    throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(list, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link CDATA}</code> node.
     *
     * @param cdata <code>CDATA</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00267     public void output(CDATA cdata, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(cdata, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link Text}</code> node.  Perfoms
     * the necessary entity escaping and whitespace stripping.
     *
     * @param text <code>Text</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00279     public void output(Text text, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(text, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link Comment}</code>.
     *
     * @param comment <code>Comment</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00290     public void output(Comment comment, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(comment, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link ProcessingInstruction}</code>.
     *
     * @param pi <code>ProcessingInstruction</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00301     public void output(ProcessingInstruction pi, OutputStream out)
                                 throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(pi, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link EntityRef}</code>.
     *
     * @param entity <code>EntityRef</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>OutputStream</code> to use.
     */
00313     public void output(EntityRef entity, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
        Writer writer = makeWriter(out);
        output(entity, writer);  // output() flushes
    }

    /**
     * Get an OutputStreamWriter, using prefered encoding
     * (see {@link Format#setEncoding}).
     */
00322     private Writer makeWriter(OutputStream out)
                         throws java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException {
        return makeWriter(out, userFormat.encoding);
    }

    /**
     * Get an OutputStreamWriter, use specified encoding.
     */
00330     private static Writer makeWriter(OutputStream out, String enc)
                         throws java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException {
        // "UTF-8" is not recognized before JDK 1.1.6, so we'll translate
        // into "UTF8" which works with all JDKs.
        if ("UTF-8".equals(enc)) {
            enc = "UTF8";
        }

        Writer writer = new BufferedWriter(
                            (new OutputStreamWriter(
                                new BufferedOutputStream(out), enc)
                            ));
        return writer;
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Output to a Writer * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Output to a Writer * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * This will print the <code>Document</code> to the given Writer.
     *
     * <p>
     * Warning: using your own Writer may cause the outputter's
     * preferred character encoding to be ignored.  If you use
     * encodings other than UTF-8, we recommend using the method that
     * takes an OutputStream instead.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param doc <code>Document</code> to format.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     * @throws IOException - if there's any problem writing.
     */
00362     public void output(Document doc, Writer out) throws IOException {

        printDeclaration(out, doc, userFormat.encoding);

        // Print out root element, as well as any root level
        // comments and processing instructions,
        // starting with no indentation
        List content = doc.getContent();
        int size = content.size();
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            Object obj = content.get(i);

            if (obj instanceof Element) {
                printElement(out, doc.getRootElement(), 0,
                             createNamespaceStack());
            }
            else if (obj instanceof Comment) {
                printComment(out, (Comment) obj);
            }
            else if (obj instanceof ProcessingInstruction) {
                printProcessingInstruction(out, (ProcessingInstruction) obj);
            }
            else if (obj instanceof DocType) {
                printDocType(out, doc.getDocType());
                // Always print line separator after declaration, helps the
                // output look better and is semantically inconsequential
                out.write(currentFormat.lineSeparator);
            }
            else {
                // XXX if we get here then we have a illegal content, for
                //     now we'll just ignore it
            }

            newline(out);
            indent(out, 0);
        }

        // Output final line separator
        // We output this no matter what the newline flags say
        out.write(currentFormat.lineSeparator);

        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out the <code>{@link DocType}</code>.
     *
     * @param doctype <code>DocType</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00412     public void output(DocType doctype, Writer out) throws IOException {
        printDocType(out, doctype);
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out an <code>{@link Element}</code>, including
     * its <code>{@link Attribute}</code>s, and all
     * contained (child) elements, etc.
     *
     * @param element <code>Element</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00425     public void output(Element element, Writer out) throws IOException {
        // If this is the root element we could pre-initialize the
        // namespace stack with the namespaces
        printElement(out, element, 0, createNamespaceStack());
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing out an <code>{@link
     * Element}</code>'s content only, not including its tag, and
     * attributes.  This can be useful for printing the content of an
     * element that contains HTML, like "&lt;description&gt;JDOM is
     * &lt;b&gt;fun&gt;!&lt;/description&gt;".
     *
     * @param element <code>Element</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00442     public void outputElementContent(Element element, Writer out)
                    throws IOException {
        List content = element.getContent();
        printContentRange(out, content, 0, content.size(),
                          0, createNamespaceStack());
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing out a list of nodes.
     * This can be useful for printing the content of an element that
     * contains HTML, like "&lt;description&gt;JDOM is
     * &lt;b&gt;fun&gt;!&lt;/description&gt;".
     *
     * @param list <code>List</code> of nodes.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00459     public void output(List list, Writer out)
                    throws IOException {
        printContentRange(out, list, 0, list.size(),
                          0, createNamespaceStack());
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link CDATA}</code> node.
     *
     * @param cdata <code>CDATA</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00472     public void output(CDATA cdata, Writer out) throws IOException {
        printCDATA(out, cdata);
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link Text}</code> node.  Perfoms
     * the necessary entity escaping and whitespace stripping.
     *
     * @param text <code>Text</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00484     public void output(Text text, Writer out) throws IOException {
        printText(out, text);
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link Comment}</code>.
     *
     * @param comment <code>Comment</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00495     public void output(Comment comment, Writer out) throws IOException {
        printComment(out, comment);
        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link ProcessingInstruction}</code>.
     *
     * @param pi <code>ProcessingInstruction</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00506     public void output(ProcessingInstruction pi, Writer out)
                                 throws IOException {
        boolean currentEscapingPolicy = currentFormat.ignoreTrAXEscapingPIs;

        // Output PI verbatim, disregarding TrAX escaping PIs.
        currentFormat.setIgnoreTrAXEscapingPIs(true);
        printProcessingInstruction(out, pi);
        currentFormat.setIgnoreTrAXEscapingPIs(currentEscapingPolicy);

        out.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Print out a <code>{@link EntityRef}</code>.
     *
     * @param entity <code>EntityRef</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00524     public void output(EntityRef entity, Writer out) throws IOException {
        printEntityRef(out, entity);
        out.flush();
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Output to a String * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Output to a String * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * Return a string representing a document.  Uses an internal
     * StringWriter. Warning: a String is Unicode, which may not match
     * the outputter's specified encoding.
     *
     * @param doc <code>Document</code> to format.
     */
00539     public String outputString(Document doc) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(doc, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Return a string representing a DocType. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param doctype <code>DocType</code> to format.
     */
00554     public String outputString(DocType doctype) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(doctype, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Return a string representing an element. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param element <code>Element</code> to format.
     */
00569     public String outputString(Element element) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(element, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

   /**
     * Return a string representing a list of nodes.  The list is
     * assumed to contain legal JDOM nodes.
     *
     * @param list <code>List</code> to format.
     */
00583     public String outputString(List list) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(list, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Return a string representing a CDATA node. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param cdata <code>CDATA</code> to format.
     */
00598     public String outputString(CDATA cdata) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(cdata, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Return a string representing a Text node. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param text <code>Text</code> to format.
     */
00613     public String outputString(Text text) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(text, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }


    /**
     * Return a string representing a comment. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param comment <code>Comment</code> to format.
     */
00629     public String outputString(Comment comment) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(comment, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Return a string representing a PI. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param pi <code>ProcessingInstruction</code> to format.
     */
00644     public String outputString(ProcessingInstruction pi) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(pi, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

   /**
     * Return a string representing an entity. Warning: a String is
     * Unicode, which may not match the outputter's specified
     * encoding.
     *
     * @param entity <code>EntityRef</code> to format.
     */
00659     public String outputString(EntityRef entity) {
        StringWriter out = new StringWriter();
        try {
            output(entity, out);  // output() flushes
        } catch (IOException e) { }
        return out.toString();
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Internal printing methods * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Internal printing methods * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * This will handle printing of the declaration.
     * Assumes XML version 1.0 since we don't directly know.
     *
     * @param doc <code>Document</code> whose declaration to write.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     * @param encoding The encoding to add to the declaration
     */
00678     protected void printDeclaration(Writer out, Document doc,
                                    String encoding) throws IOException {

        // Only print the declaration if it's not being omitted
        if (!userFormat.omitDeclaration) {
            // Assume 1.0 version
            out.write("<?xml version=\"1.0\"");
            if (!userFormat.omitEncoding) {
                out.write(" encoding=\"" + encoding + "\"");
            }
            out.write("?>");

            // Print new line after decl always, even if no other new lines
            // Helps the output look better and is semantically
            // inconsequential
            out.write(currentFormat.lineSeparator);
        }
    }

    /**
     * This handle printing the DOCTYPE declaration if one exists.
     *
     * @param docType <code>Document</code> whose declaration to write.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00703     protected void printDocType(Writer out, DocType docType)
                        throws IOException {

        String publicID = docType.getPublicID();
        String systemID = docType.getSystemID();
        String internalSubset = docType.getInternalSubset();
        boolean hasPublic = false;

        out.write("<!DOCTYPE ");
        out.write(docType.getElementName());
        if (publicID != null) {
            out.write(" PUBLIC \"");
            out.write(publicID);
            out.write("\"");
            hasPublic = true;
        }
        if (systemID != null) {
            if (!hasPublic) {
                out.write(" SYSTEM");
            }
            out.write(" \"");
            out.write(systemID);
            out.write("\"");
        }
        if ((internalSubset != null) && (!internalSubset.equals(""))) {
            out.write(" [");
            out.write(currentFormat.lineSeparator);
            out.write(docType.getInternalSubset());
            out.write("]");
        }
        out.write(">");
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of comments.
     *
     * @param comment <code>Comment</code> to write.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00742     protected void printComment(Writer out, Comment comment)
                       throws IOException {
        out.write("<!--");
        out.write(comment.getText());
        out.write("-->");
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of processing instructions.
     *
     * @param pi <code>ProcessingInstruction</code> to write.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00755     protected void printProcessingInstruction(Writer out, ProcessingInstruction pi
                                              ) throws IOException {
        String target = pi.getTarget();
        boolean piProcessed = false;

        if (currentFormat.ignoreTrAXEscapingPIs == false) {
            if (target.equals(Result.PI_DISABLE_OUTPUT_ESCAPING)) {
                escapeOutput = false;
                piProcessed  = true;
            }
            else if (target.equals(Result.PI_ENABLE_OUTPUT_ESCAPING)) {
                escapeOutput = true;
                piProcessed  = true;
            }
        }
        if (piProcessed == false) {
            String rawData = pi.getData();

            // Write <?target data?> or if no data then just <?target?>
            if (!"".equals(rawData)) {
                out.write("<?");
                out.write(target);
                out.write(" ");
                out.write(rawData);
                out.write("?>");
            }
            else {
                out.write("<?");
                out.write(target);
                out.write("?>");
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing a <code>{@link EntityRef}</code>.
     * Only the entity reference such as <code>&amp;entity;</code>
     * will be printed. However, subclasses are free to override
     * this method to print the contents of the entity instead.
     *
     * @param entity <code>EntityRef</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.  */
00797     protected void printEntityRef(Writer out, EntityRef entity)
                       throws IOException {
        out.write("&");
        out.write(entity.getName());
        out.write(";");
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of <code>{@link CDATA}</code> text.
     *
     * @param cdata <code>CDATA</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00810     protected void printCDATA(Writer out, CDATA cdata) throws IOException {
        String str = (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.NORMALIZE)
                     ? cdata.getTextNormalize()
                     : ((currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM) ?
                             cdata.getText().trim() : cdata.getText());
        out.write("<![CDATA[");
        out.write(str);
        out.write("]]>");
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of <code>{@link Text}</code> strings.
     *
     * @param text <code>Text</code> to write.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
00826     protected void printText(Writer out, Text text) throws IOException {
        String str = (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.NORMALIZE)
                     ? text.getTextNormalize()
                     : ((currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM) ?
                          text.getText().trim() : text.getText());
        out.write(escapeElementEntities(str));
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing a string.  Escapes the element entities,
     * trims interior whitespace, etc. if necessary.
     */
00838     private void printString(Writer out, String str) throws IOException {
        if (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.NORMALIZE) {
            str = Text.normalizeString(str);
        }
        else if (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM) {
            str = str.trim();
        }
        out.write(escapeElementEntities(str));
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of a <code>{@link Element}</code>,
     * its <code>{@link Attribute}</code>s, and all contained (child)
     * elements, etc.
     *
     * @param element <code>Element</code> to output.
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     * @param level <code>int</code> level of indention.
     * @param namespaces <code>List</code> stack of Namespaces in scope.
     */
00858     protected void printElement(Writer out, Element element,
                                int level, NamespaceStack namespaces)
                       throws IOException {

        List attributes = element.getAttributes();
        List content = element.getContent();

        // Check for xml:space and adjust format settings
        String space = null;
        if (attributes != null) {
            space = element.getAttributeValue("space",
                                               Namespace.XML_NAMESPACE);
        }

        Format previousFormat = currentFormat;

        if ("default".equals(space)) {
            currentFormat = userFormat;
        }
        else if ("preserve".equals(space)) {
            currentFormat = preserveFormat;
        }

        // Print the beginning of the tag plus attributes and any
        // necessary namespace declarations
        out.write("<");
        printQualifiedName(out, element);

        // Mark our namespace starting point
        int previouslyDeclaredNamespaces = namespaces.size();

        // Print the element's namespace, if appropriate
        printElementNamespace(out, element, namespaces);

        // Print out additional namespace declarations
        printAdditionalNamespaces(out, element, namespaces);

        // Print out attributes
        if (attributes != null)
            printAttributes(out, attributes, element, namespaces);

        // Depending on the settings (newlines, textNormalize, etc), we may
        // or may not want to print all of the content, so determine the
        // index of the start of the content we're interested
        // in based on the current settings.

        int start = skipLeadingWhite(content, 0);
        int size = content.size();
        if (start >= size) {
            // Case content is empty or all insignificant whitespace
            if (currentFormat.expandEmptyElements) {
                out.write("></");
                printQualifiedName(out, element);
                out.write(">");
            }
            else {
                out.write(" />");
            }
        }
        else {
            out.write(">");

            // For a special case where the content is only CDATA
            // or Text we don't want to indent after the start or
            // before the end tag.

            if (nextNonText(content, start) < size) {
                // Case Mixed Content - normal indentation
                newline(out);
                printContentRange(out, content, start, size,
                                  level + 1, namespaces);
                newline(out);
                indent(out, level);
            }
            else {
                // Case all CDATA or Text - no indentation
                printTextRange(out, content, start, size);
            }
            out.write("</");
            printQualifiedName(out, element);
            out.write(">");
        }

        // remove declared namespaces from stack
        while (namespaces.size() > previouslyDeclaredNamespaces) {
            namespaces.pop();
        }

        // Restore our format settings
        currentFormat = previousFormat;
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of content within a given range.
     * The range to print is specified in typical Java fashion; the
     * starting index is inclusive, while the ending index is
     * exclusive.
     *
     * @param content <code>List</code> of content to output
     * @param start index of first content node (inclusive.
     * @param end index of last content node (exclusive).
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     * @param level <code>int</code> level of indentation.
     * @param namespaces <code>List</code> stack of Namespaces in scope.
     */
00963     private void printContentRange(Writer out, List content,
                                     int start, int end, int level,
                                     NamespaceStack namespaces)
                       throws IOException {
        boolean firstNode; // Flag for 1st node in content
        Object next;       // Node we're about to print
        int first, index;  // Indexes into the list of content

        index = start;
        while (index < end) {
            firstNode = (index == start) ? true : false;
            next = content.get(index);

            //
            // Handle consecutive CDATA, Text, and EntityRef nodes all at once
            //
            if ((next instanceof Text) || (next instanceof EntityRef)) {
                first = skipLeadingWhite(content, index);
                // Set index to next node for loop
                index = nextNonText(content, first);

                // If it's not all whitespace - print it!
                if (first < index) {
                    if (!firstNode)
                        newline(out);
                    indent(out, level);
                    printTextRange(out, content, first, index);
                }
                continue;
            }

            //
            // Handle other nodes
            //
            if (!firstNode) {
                newline(out);
            }

            indent(out, level);

            if (next instanceof Comment) {
                printComment(out, (Comment)next);
            }
            else if (next instanceof Element) {
                printElement(out, (Element)next, level, namespaces);
            }
            else if (next instanceof ProcessingInstruction) {
                printProcessingInstruction(out, (ProcessingInstruction)next);
            }
            else {
                // XXX if we get here then we have a illegal content, for
                //     now we'll just ignore it (probably should throw
                //     a exception)
            }

            index++;
        } /* while */
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of a sequence of <code>{@link CDATA}</code>
     * or <code>{@link Text}</code> nodes.  It is an error to have any other
     * pass this method any other type of node.
     *
     * @param content <code>List</code> of content to output
     * @param start index of first content node (inclusive).
     * @param end index of last content node (exclusive).
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
01032     private void printTextRange(Writer out, List content, int start, int end
                                  ) throws IOException {
        String previous; // Previous text printed
        Object node;     // Next node to print
        String next;     // Next text to print

        previous = null;

        // Remove leading whitespace-only nodes
        start = skipLeadingWhite(content, start);

        int size = content.size();
        if (start < size) {
            // And remove trialing whitespace-only nodes
            end = skipTrailingWhite(content, end);

            for (int i = start; i < end; i++) {
                node = content.get(i);

                // Get the unmangled version of the text
                // we are about to print
                if (node instanceof Text) {
                    next = ((Text) node).getText();
                }
                else if (node instanceof EntityRef) {
                    next = "&" + ((EntityRef) node).getValue() + ";";
                }
                else {
                    throw new IllegalStateException("Should see only " +
                                                   "CDATA, Text, or EntityRef");
                }

                // This may save a little time
                if (next == null || "".equals(next)) {
                    continue;
                }

                // Determine if we need to pad the output (padding is
                // only need in trim or normalizing mode)
                if (previous != null) { // Not 1st node
                    if (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.NORMALIZE ||
                        currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM) {
                            if ((endsWithWhite(previous)) ||
                                (startsWithWhite(next))) {
                                    out.write(" ");
                            }
                    }
                }

                // Print the node
                if (node instanceof CDATA) {
                    printCDATA(out, (CDATA) node);
                }
                else if (node instanceof EntityRef) {
                    printEntityRef(out, (EntityRef) node);
                }
                else {
                    printString(out, next);
                }

                previous = next;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of any needed <code>{@link Namespace}</code>
     * declarations.
     *
     * @param ns <code>Namespace</code> to print definition of
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use.
     */
01104     private void printNamespace(Writer out, Namespace ns,
                                NamespaceStack namespaces)
                     throws IOException {
        String prefix = ns.getPrefix();
        String uri = ns.getURI();

        // Already printed namespace decl?
        if (uri.equals(namespaces.getURI(prefix))) {
            return;
        }

        out.write(" xmlns");
        if (!prefix.equals("")) {
            out.write(":");
            out.write(prefix);
        }
        out.write("=\"");
        out.write(uri);
        out.write("\"");
        namespaces.push(ns);
    }

    /**
     * This will handle printing of a <code>{@link Attribute}</code> list.
     *
     * @param attributes <code>List</code> of Attribute objcts
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use
     */
01132     protected void printAttributes(Writer out, List attributes, Element parent,
                                   NamespaceStack namespaces)
                       throws IOException {

        // I do not yet handle the case where the same prefix maps to
        // two different URIs. For attributes on the same element
        // this is illegal; but as yet we don't throw an exception
        // if someone tries to do this
        // Set prefixes = new HashSet();
        for (int i = 0; i < attributes.size(); i++) {
            Attribute attribute = (Attribute) attributes.get(i);
            Namespace ns = attribute.getNamespace();
            if ((ns != Namespace.NO_NAMESPACE) &&
                (ns != Namespace.XML_NAMESPACE)) {
                    printNamespace(out, ns, namespaces);
            }

            out.write(" ");
            printQualifiedName(out, attribute);
            out.write("=");

            out.write("\"");
            out.write(escapeAttributeEntities(attribute.getValue()));
            out.write("\"");
        }
    }

    private void printElementNamespace(Writer out, Element element,
                                       NamespaceStack namespaces)
                             throws IOException {
        // Add namespace decl only if it's not the XML namespace and it's
        // not the NO_NAMESPACE with the prefix "" not yet mapped
        // (we do output xmlns="" if the "" prefix was already used and we
        // need to reclaim it for the NO_NAMESPACE)
        Namespace ns = element.getNamespace();
        if (ns == Namespace.XML_NAMESPACE) {
            return;
        }
        if ( !((ns == Namespace.NO_NAMESPACE) &&
               (namespaces.getURI("") == null))) {
            printNamespace(out, ns, namespaces);
        }
    }

    private void printAdditionalNamespaces(Writer out, Element element,
                                           NamespaceStack namespaces)
                                throws IOException {
        List list = element.getAdditionalNamespaces();
        if (list != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
                Namespace additional = (Namespace)list.get(i);
                printNamespace(out, additional, namespaces);
            }
        }
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Support methods * * * * * * * * * *
    // * * * * * * * * * * Support methods * * * * * * * * * *

    /**
     * This will print a new line only if the newlines flag was set to
     * true.
     *
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use
     */
01197     private void newline(Writer out) throws IOException {
        if (currentFormat.indent != null) {
            out.write(currentFormat.lineSeparator);
        }
    }

    /**
     * This will print indents (only if the newlines flag was
     * set to <code>true</code>, and indent is non-null).
     *
     * @param out <code>Writer</code> to use
     * @param level current indent level (number of tabs)
     */
01210     private void indent(Writer out, int level) throws IOException {
        if (currentFormat.indent == null ||
            currentFormat.indent.equals("")) {
            return;
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < level; i++) {
            out.write(currentFormat.indent);
        }
    }

    // Returns the index of the first non-all-whitespace CDATA or Text,
    // index = content.size() is returned if content contains
    // all whitespace.
    // @param start index to begin search (inclusive)
    private int skipLeadingWhite(List content, int start) {
        if (start < 0) {
            start = 0;
        }

        int index = start;
        int size = content.size();
        if (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM_FULL_WHITE
                || currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.NORMALIZE
                || currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM) {
            while (index < size) {
                if (!isAllWhitespace(content.get(index))) {
                    return index;
                }
                index++;
            }
        }
        return index;
    }

    // Return the index + 1 of the last non-all-whitespace CDATA or
    // Text node,  index < 0 is returned
    // if content contains all whitespace.
    // @param start index to begin search (exclusive)
    private int skipTrailingWhite(List content, int start) {
        int size = content.size();
        if (start > size) {
            start = size;
        }

        int index = start;
        if (currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM_FULL_WHITE
                || currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.NORMALIZE
                || currentFormat.mode == Format.TextMode.TRIM) {
            while (index >= 0) {
                if (!isAllWhitespace(content.get(index - 1)))
                    break;
                --index;
            }
        }
        return index;
    }

    // Return the next non-CDATA, non-Text, or non-EntityRef node,
    // index = content.size() is returned if there is no more non-CDATA,
    // non-Text, or non-EntiryRef nodes
    // @param start index to begin search (inclusive)
    private static int nextNonText(List content, int start) {
        if (start < 0) {
            start = 0;
        }

        int index = start;
        int size = content.size();
        while (index < size) {
            Object node =  content.get(index);
            if (!((node instanceof Text) || (node instanceof EntityRef))) {
                return index;
            }
            index++;
        }
        return size;
    }

    // Determine if a Object is all whitespace
    private boolean isAllWhitespace(Object obj) {
        String str = null;

        if (obj instanceof String) {
            str = (String) obj;
        }
        else if (obj instanceof Text) {
            str = ((Text) obj).getText();
        }
        else if (obj instanceof EntityRef) {
            return false;
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
            if (!isWhitespace(str.charAt(i)))
                return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    // Determine if a string starts with a XML whitespace.
    private boolean startsWithWhite(String str) {
        if ((str != null) &&
            (str.length() > 0) &&
            isWhitespace(str.charAt(0))) {
           return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    // Determine if a string ends with a XML whitespace.
    private boolean endsWithWhite(String str) {
        if ((str != null) &&
            (str.length() > 0) &&
            isWhitespace(str.charAt(str.length() - 1))) {
           return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    // Determine if a character is a XML whitespace.
    // XXX should this method be in Verifier
    private static boolean isWhitespace(char c) {
        if (c==' ' || c=='\n' || c=='\t' || c=='\r' ){
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * This will take the pre-defined entities in XML 1.0 and
     * convert their character representation to the appropriate
     * entity reference, suitable for XML attributes.  It does not convert
     * the single quote (') because it's not necessary as the outputter
     * writes attributes surrounded by double-quotes.
     *
     * @param str <code>String</code> input to escape.
     * @return <code>String</code> with escaped content.
     */
01352     public String escapeAttributeEntities(String str) {
        StringBuffer buffer;
        char ch;
        String entity;
        EscapeStrategy strategy = currentFormat.escapeStrategy;

        buffer = null;
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
            ch = str.charAt(i);
            switch(ch) {
                case '<' :
                    entity = "&lt;";
                    break;
                case '>' :
                    entity = "&gt;";
                    break;
/*
                case '\'' :
                    entity = "&apos;";
                    break;
*/
                case '\"' :
                    entity = "&quot;";
                    break;
                case '&' :
                    entity = "&amp;";
                    break;
                case '\r' :
                    entity = "&#xD;";
                    break;
                case '\t' :
                    entity = "&#x9;";
                    break;
                case '\n' :
                    entity = "&#xA;";
                    break;
                default :
                    if (strategy.shouldEscape(ch)) {
                        entity = "&#x" + Integer.toHexString(ch) + ";";
                    }
                    else {
                        entity = null;
                    }
                    break;
            }
            if (buffer == null) {
                if (entity != null) {
                    // An entity occurred, so we'll have to use StringBuffer
                    // (allocate room for it plus a few more entities).
                    buffer = new StringBuffer(str.length() + 20);
                    // Copy previous skipped characters and fall through
                    // to pickup current character
                    buffer.append(str.substring(0, i));
                    buffer.append(entity);
                }
            }
            else {
                if (entity == null) {
                    buffer.append(ch);
                }
                else {
                    buffer.append(entity);
                }
            }
        }

        // If there were any entities, return the escaped characters
        // that we put in the StringBuffer. Otherwise, just return
        // the unmodified input string.
        return (buffer == null) ? str : buffer
            // JCLIC modification
            //.toString();
            .substring(0);
    }


    /**
     * This will take the three pre-defined entities in XML 1.0
     * (used specifically in XML elements) and convert their character
     * representation to the appropriate entity reference, suitable for
     * XML element content.
     *
     * @param str <code>String</code> input to escape.
     * @return <code>String</code> with escaped content.
     */
01437     public String escapeElementEntities(String str) {
        if (escapeOutput == false) return str;

        StringBuffer buffer;
        char ch;
        String entity;
        EscapeStrategy strategy = currentFormat.escapeStrategy;

        buffer = null;
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
            ch = str.charAt(i);
            switch(ch) {
                case '<' :
                    entity = "&lt;";
                    break;
                case '>' :
                    entity = "&gt;";
                    break;
                case '&' :
                    entity = "&amp;";
                    break;
                case '\r' :
                    entity = "&#xD;";
                    break;
                case '\n' :
                    entity = currentFormat.lineSeparator;
                    break;
                default :
                    if (strategy.shouldEscape(ch)) {
                        entity = "&#x" + Integer.toHexString(ch) + ";";
                    }
                    else {
                        entity = null;
                    }
                    break;
            }
            if (buffer == null) {
                if (entity != null) {
                    // An entity occurred, so we'll have to use StringBuffer
                    // (allocate room for it plus a few more entities).
                    buffer = new StringBuffer(str.length() + 20);
                    // Copy previous skipped characters and fall through
                    // to pickup current character
                    buffer.append(str.substring(0, i));
                    buffer.append(entity);
                }
            }
            else {
                if (entity == null) {
                    buffer.append(ch);
                }
                else {
                    buffer.append(entity);
                }
            }
        }

        // If there were any entities, return the escaped characters
        // that we put in the StringBuffer. Otherwise, just return
        // the unmodified input string.
        return (buffer == null) ? str : buffer
            // JCLIC modification
            //.toString();
            .substring(0);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a copy of this XMLOutputter.
     */
01506     public Object clone() {
        // Implementation notes: Since all state of an XMLOutputter is
        // embodied in simple private instance variables, Object.clone
        // can be used.  Note that since Object.clone is totally
        // broken, we must catch an exception that will never be
        // thrown.
        try {
            return super.clone();
        }
        catch (java.lang.CloneNotSupportedException e) {
            // even though this should never ever happen, it's still
            // possible to fool Java into throwing a
            // CloneNotSupportedException.  If that happens, we
            // shouldn't swallow it.
            throw new RuntimeException(e.toString());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Return a string listing of the settings for this
     * XMLOutputter instance.
     *
     * @return a string listing the settings for this XMLOutputter instance
     */
01530     public String toString() {
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
        for (int i = 0; i < userFormat.lineSeparator.length(); i++) {
            char ch = userFormat.lineSeparator.charAt(i);
            switch (ch) {
            case '\r': buffer.append("\\r");
                       break;
            case '\n': buffer.append("\\n");
                       break;
            case '\t': buffer.append("\\t");
                       break;
            default:   buffer.append("[" + ((int)ch) + "]");
                       break;
            }
        }

        return (
            "XMLOutputter[omitDeclaration = " + userFormat.omitDeclaration + ", " +
            "encoding = " + userFormat.encoding + ", " +
            "omitEncoding = " + userFormat.omitEncoding + ", " +
            "indent = '" + userFormat.indent + "'" + ", " +
            "expandEmptyElements = " + userFormat.expandEmptyElements + ", " +
            "lineSeparator = '" + buffer
            // JCLIC modification
            //.toString()
            .substring(0)
            + "', " +
            "textMode = " + userFormat.mode + "]"
        );
    }

    /**
     * Factory for making new NamespaceStack objects.  The NamespaceStack
     * created is actually an inner class extending the package protected
     * NamespaceStack, as a way to make NamespaceStack "friendly" toward
     * subclassers.
     */
01567     private NamespaceStack createNamespaceStack() {
       // actually returns a XMLOutputter.NamespaceStack (see below)
       return new NamespaceStack();
    }

    /**
     * Our own null subclass of NamespaceStack.  This plays a little
     * trick with Java access protection.  We want subclasses of
     * XMLOutputter to be able to override protected methods that
     * declare a NamespaceStack parameter, but we don't want to
     * declare the parent NamespaceStack class as public.
     */
01579     protected class NamespaceStack
        extends org.jdom.output.NamespaceStack
    {
    }

    // Support method to print a name without using elt.getQualifiedName()
    // and thus avoiding a StringBuffer creation and memory churn
    private void printQualifiedName(Writer out, Element e) throws IOException {
        if (e.getNamespace().getPrefix().length() == 0) {
            out.write(e.getName());
        }
        else {
            out.write(e.getNamespace().getPrefix());
            out.write(':');
            out.write(e.getName());
        }
    }

    // Support method to print a name without using att.getQualifiedName()
    // and thus avoiding a StringBuffer creation and memory churn
    private void printQualifiedName(Writer out, Attribute a) throws IOException {
        String prefix = a.getNamespace().getPrefix();
        if ((prefix != null) && (!prefix.equals(""))) {
            out.write(prefix);
            out.write(':');
            out.write(a.getName());
        }
        else {
            out.write(a.getName());
        }
    }

    // * * * * * * * * * * Deprecated methods * * * * * * * * * *

    /* The methods below here are deprecations of protected methods.  We
     * don't usually deprecate protected methods, so they're commented out.
     * They're left here in case this mass deprecation causes people trouble.
     * Since we're getting close to 1.0 it's actually better for people to
     * raise issues early though.
     */

}

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